Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus LC winter 1987-1992 256 individuals A4i, B1i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 1977-1992 453-3,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU winter 1977 1,773 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator LC winter 1987-1992 204 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1987-1992 17,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1987-1992 12,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1987-1992 13,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter 1987-1992 16,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Mallard Anas platyrhynchos LC winter 1987-1992 40,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 1987-1992 14,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Teal Anas crecca LC winter 1987-1992 30,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC winter 1987-1992 400-800 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 1987-1992 55,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1987-1992 65,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea LC winter 1987-1992 1,120 individuals A4i, B1i
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1987-1992 1,120 individuals A4i, B1i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT winter 1987-1992 167-334 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1987-1992 2,330 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC resident 1977 250 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC winter 1987-1992 1,700 individuals A4i, B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT winter 1970-1977 5,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 1987-1992 400 individuals B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 1987-1992 1,500 individuals B1i
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1977 200-300 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1977 100 breeding pairs B1i
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 1977 20 breeding pairs A1, B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1987-1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Gomishan Marshes No Hunting Area 0 protected area contained by site 0
Gomishan Lagoon Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 17,700 protected area overlaps with site 17,700


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Grassland -
Coastline -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
rangeland/pastureland -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gomishan marshes and Turkoman steppes. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023.