Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1994 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 1977 28 individuals A1
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus LC winter 1970-1977 5 individuals B1i
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC winter 1977-1992 150-1,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis LC resident 1977 20 breeding pairs B1i
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus LC passage 1977 300 individuals B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1977 100-150 breeding pairs B1i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1977-1992 min 20,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1994).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
1994 not assessed medium not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Miankaleh Peninsula, Gorgan Bay and Lapoo-Zaghmarz Ab-bandan Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 100,000 protected area overlaps with site 950


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
hunting -
water management -
other -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lapoo - Zargmarz ab-bandans. Downloaded from on 28/02/2024.