IR006
Lake Uromiyeh


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus LC winter 1970-1977 63 individuals A4i, B1i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter 1977-1992 80-4,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 1977 265 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC passage 1977 35,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC resident 1977 4,000-5,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna LC winter 1977-1992 16,140-64,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC resident 1977 300-500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC winter 1977-1992 224-3,500 individuals A4i, B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1977 4 breeding pairs B1i
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC passage 1977 21,200 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC passage 1977 8,225 individuals A4i, B1i
Phoenicopterus ruber NR breeding 1977 15,000-25,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Phoenicopterus ruber NR winter 1970-1977 19,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU non-breeding 1977 19 individuals A1
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC breeding 1977 common B2
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC breeding 1977 50-100 breeding pairs B1i
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC breeding 1977 100 breeding pairs B1i
Egretta garzetta NR breeding 1977 90 breeding pairs B1i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC breeding 1977 1,000-1,600 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1977 1,500-2,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 1977 13,600 individuals A4i, B1i
Himantopus himantopus NR breeding 1977 300-500 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT breeding 1977 500-1,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT passage 1977 3,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruff Calidris pugnax LC passage 1977 9,440 individuals B1i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC passage 1977 10,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC breeding 1977 2,000-3,000 breeding pairs B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC passage 1977 8,330 individuals B1i
Common Redshank Tringa totanus LC winter 1970-1977 7,080 individuals B1i
Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis LC passage 1977 1,395 individuals A4i, B1i
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1977 50-100 breeding pairs B1i
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC breeding 1977 3,000-4,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC passage 1977 19,565 individuals A4i, B1i
Armenian Gull Larus armenicus NT breeding 1977 4,000-5,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1977 100-200 breeding pairs B1i
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 1977 10 breeding pairs B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC breeding 1977 5 breeding pairs B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1977-1992 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 1977-1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
1994 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Urumieh lake National Park 464,056 protected area contained by site 463,600
Lake Urmia [or Orumiyeh] Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 483,000 is identical to site 483,000
Lake Urmia [or Orumiyeh] UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 463,600 protected area contained by site 463,600

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Grassland -
Artificial - terrestrial -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Uromiyeh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/08/2019.