Haur Om am Nyaj

Year of compilation: 1994

Site description
Haur Om Am Nyaj is a large wetland about 20 km south-east of Amara. It comprises extensive Typha beds with many areas of open water and fast-running creeks, and is partly permanent and partly seasonal. The haur lies at the north-western extremity of Haur Al Hawizeh and is fed by the Al Kahala (Chahala) river, a distributary of the Tigris. The Qalit Salih ponds (31°30'N 47°20'E, 100 ha) lie at the southern end of Haur Om Am Nyaj, and are a group of fresh to brackish impoundments used for duck-netting, on the east bank of the River Tigris near the town of Qalit Salih, west of the Haur Al Hawizeh marshes.

Key biodiversity
Haur Om Am Nyaj was visited briefly in January 1975, and found to be an important area for Phalacrocorax pygmeus. The Qalit Salih ponds were visited in January 1979; species included Pelecanus onocrotalus (92), Phoenicopterus ruber (500), Anas crecca (10,000) and Recurvirostra avosetta (250). There was a breeding colony of c.200 Nycticorax nycticorax on the Al Kahala river in the 1970s and a 'very big roost' of N. nycticorax near Qalit Salih in the 1910s may have been the same site.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information available to BirdLife International.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
No conservation measures are known to have been taken. There has been no information on the site since 1979, but it does not seem likely that it has escaped some of the degradation suffered by other marshes in southern Iraq (see site 039): according to a Landsat satellite image from August 1992, much of the area may have been drained and converted to cultivation. No conservation measures are known to have been proposed.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haur Om am Nyaj. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/04/2019.