Foça Peninsula

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A group of six uninhabited islands off Ýzmir Bay: Orak, Hayýrsýz, Fener, Ýncir, Kartdere and Metalik. There is a long pebble beach on the south shore of Orak, with cliffs of up to 80 m found on Orak, Hayýrsýz and Kartdere. Herbaceous plants, garrigue and maquis cover the islands. Tourism is the major economic activity, and Ýncir in particular is heavily visited. There is no human activity on the other islands.

Key biodiversity
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Recreational activities such as angling and scuba diving are prohibited. The MedSPA designation halted several developments on the mainland and has secured the future of the islands. Hayýrsýz and Kartdere remain unprotected, however.

Protected areas
National High International High134 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Foça Adalarý, 134 ha). 127 ha of IBA covered by Mediterranean Specially Protected Area (Foça, 2,750 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Foça Peninsula. Downloaded from on 27/10/2021.