A large, stream-fed saline lake (max. depth 110 m) of tectonic origin situated in a closed basin. Extensive alluvial flats lie to the north-east and south-west. The lake is flanked by forested hills and mountains; its near surrounds are under agriculture. To the west of the main lake there is a little freshwater lake, Soganli lake, where White-headed Duck is suspected to breed.
The IBA is very important for wintering waterbirds, and is the single most important wintering site for Oxyura leucocephala (over two-thirds of the world wintering population), with large numbers occurring throughout the year except during the breeding season.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
A long-term reduction in water-level has led to wetland loss and increasing salinity. Inflows have been reduced by reservoir construction, and average annual precipitation has fallen. The planned Bozçay-Karaçal dam/irrigation project will further reduce inflows and lead to alluvial flats south-west of the lake being converted to permanent arable land. Additional threats include disturbance and pollution from airport and industrial developments, pollution caused by mining waste, agricultural run-off and sewage. A hunting ban was introduced in 1993; educational/wardening activities take place.
National High International High23,700 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Burdur Gölu;, 38,125 ha). 23,700 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Burdur Gölu;, 23,700 ha). The boundaries of the Ramsar site exclude the freshwater Soganli lake to the west of the IBA where White-headed Duck is suspected to breed.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Burdur Lake. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 04/02/2023.