TR052
Sultan Marsh


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2004

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN breeding 1989-1996 20 breeding pairs A1, B2
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC winter 1990 267-539 individuals A4i, B1i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC non-breeding - 215-2,283 individuals A4i, B1i
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU breeding 1989-1996 5 breeding pairs A1, B1i, B2
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris VU passage 1998 121 individuals A1, A4i, B1i
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina LC breeding 1994 300-400 breeding pairs B1i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT breeding 1991 30-50 breeding pairs A1, B2
Gadwall Mareca strepera LC breeding 1989-1996 20 breeding pairs B2
Anas crecca NR winter 1999 5,710-23,732 individuals A4i, B1i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC passage 1992-1994 6,500-59,150 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Crane Grus grus LC breeding 1989-1996 20 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter - 43-150 individuals B1i
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC passage 1988 138 individuals B1i
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC breeding 1989-1996 75 breeding pairs B2
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC breeding 1997 70-100 breeding pairs B2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC passage 1992-1996 50-850 individuals A1, B1i
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC breeding 1994-2000 50-200 breeding pairs A1, A4i, B1i, B3
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 1994 2,115 individuals A4i, B1i
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1994 200 breeding pairs B1i
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii LC breeding - 50-100 breeding pairs B1i, B2
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 1989-1996 100 breeding pairs B2
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC breeding 1989-1996 20 breeding pairs B2
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding 1989-1996 50 breeding pairs B2
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 1989-1996 100 breeding pairs B2
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC breeding 1989-1996 400 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B2
Common Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica LC breeding 1989-1996 50 breeding pairs B2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1999 27,373 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage - 27,258-129,801 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sultansazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 17,200 protected area contained by site 17,200
Sultan Marshes Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 17,200 protected area contained by site 17,200
Sultan Marshes National Park 24,525 is identical to site 15,585

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland -
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
not utilised -
other -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sultan Marsh. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2021.