Situated south of Bursa, this is the highest mountain in western Anatolia. Pinus predominates at lower altitudes; Abies/Fagus forest occurs between 1,500 and 2,000 m; alpine scrub and pasture prevail at higher altitudes. Limestone fields occupy the summit areas; dry montane cliff communities occur to the north of the summit ridge. Several small alpine lakes are found below these cliffs. The area is popular for winter sports.
This is an important site for breeding raptors. Sitta krueperi and Serinus pusillus are at the western limits of their range on Uludað; this is one of the few known Turkish sites for Aegolius funereus.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
A new ski-resort is planned, areas of forest have been cleared for ski-slopes, and water resources at higher elevations are scarce due to hotel demand. No study of the consequences of these developments has been carried out. Uludað is affected by acid rain and industrial pollution. No grazing or forest management takes place within the National Park.
National High International None12,732 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Uludað, 12,732 ha). 20,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Uludað, 20,000 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Uludağ. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 06/05/2021.