ZA097
Cape Whale Coast


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
South African Shelduck Tadorna cana LC non-breeding - 229-787 individuals A4i
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma LC non-breeding - 326-1,132 individuals A4i
Cape Shoveler Spatula smithii LC non-breeding - 172-404 individuals A4i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC non-breeding - 62-152 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC non-breeding - 68-1,100 individuals A4i
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata LC non-breeding - 18,283-36,000 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information -

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes introduced genetic material happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Tadorna cana South African Shelduck 787 11 individuals 2 very unfavourable
Netta erythrophthalma Southern Pochard 1132 50 individuals 5 very unfavourable
Anas undulata Yellow-billed Duck 1443 2500 individuals 100 favourable
Podiceps cristatus Great Crested Grebe 152 341 individuals 100 favourable
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe 1100 201 individuals 19 very unfavourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 1197 2890 individuals 100 favourable
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot 36000 18000 individuals 50 unfavourable
Haematopus moquini African Oystercatcher 9 102 individuals 100 favourable
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper 4014 647 individuals 17 very unfavourable
Larus hartlaubii Hartlaub's Gull 193 954 individuals 100 favourable
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern 41 296 individuals 100 favourable
Circus ranivorus African Marsh-harrier 4 10 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Walker Bay Whale Sanctuary Marine Protected Area Marine Protected Area 11,249 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Vogelgat Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 676 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Rooisand Provincial Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 294 protected area contained by site 0
Oude Bosch Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 317 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kogelberg Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 108,288 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hoek van de Berg Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 463 protected area contained by site 0
Fernkloof Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 658 protected area overlaps with site 0
Coppull Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 91 protected area contained by site 0
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1,094,742 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons, Sand dunes and beaches - riverine -
Grassland -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cape Whale Coast. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2020.