ZA048
Maloti Drakensberg Park


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1998 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis LC resident 1998 present A3
Corncrake Crex crex LC winter - present A1
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus VU resident - present A1
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus VU resident - present A1
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding - 10-15 breeding pairs A4i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC non-breeding - 35-70 individuals A4i
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus VU non-breeding - 200-400 individuals A4i
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus VU resident 1998 60-100 breeding pairs A1, A3, A4i
Forest Buzzard Buteo trizonatus NT resident 1998 present A3
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres VU resident - 200-230 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres VU non-breeding - 1,000-1,325 individuals A4ii
Black Harrier Circus maurus EN resident - present A1
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus NT resident - present A1
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 1998 present A3
Olive Bush-shrike Chlorophoneus olivaceus LC resident 1998 present A3
Drakensberg Rockjumper Chaetops aurantius NT resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Barratt's Warbler Bradypterus barratti LC resident 1998 present A3
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla LC resident 1998 present A3
Bush Blackcap Sylvia nigricapillus VU resident 1998 present A1, A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 1998 present A3
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa LC resident 1998 present A3
Buff-streaked Chat Campicoloides bifasciatus LC resident 1998 present A1, A3
Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi NT resident 1998 present A3
Swee Waxbill Coccopygia melanotis LC resident 1998 present A3
Mountain Pipit Anthus hoeschi NT resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Yellow-breasted Pipit Hemimacronyx chloris VU resident 1998 present A1, A3
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops LC resident 1998 present A3
Drakensberg Siskin Crithagra symonsi LC resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1998).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 near favourable high high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest Montane forest - undifferentiated 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Grassland Grassland - montane 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inselbergs, kopjes & inland cliffs 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland Scrub - woodland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Montane bogs, swamps and mires 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (unknown use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Vergelegen Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,159 protected area overlaps with site 0
Upper Mkhomazi Wilderness Area Forest Wilderness Area 49,022 protected area contained by site 0
uKhahlamba-Drakensberg Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 224,884 protected area contained by site 242,813
Rugged Glen Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 767 protected area overlaps with site 0
Nelsberg Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 537 protected area contained by site 0
Natal National Park Nature Reserve 6,146 protected area overlaps with site 0
Natal Drakensberg National Park 7,624 protected area contains site 242,813
Mzimkulu Wilderness Area Forest Wilderness Area 28,475 protected area contained by site 0
Mlambonja Wilderness Area Forest Wilderness Area 6,729 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mkhomazi Wilderness Area Forest Wilderness Area 7,404 protected area contained by site 0
Mdedelelo Wilderness Area Forest Wilderness Area 25,915 protected area overlaps with site 0
Maloti-Drakensberg Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 249,313 protected area overlaps with site 242,813
Mafifiyela Nature Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 1,653 protected area contained by site 0
Loteni Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 3,938 protected area contained by site 0
Kwa-Mehlenyati Nature Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 8,148 protected area contained by site 0
Kamberg Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 2,271 protected area contained by site 0
Impofana Nature Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 7,214 protected area contained by site 0
Hlathikulu Nature Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 2,530 protected area overlaps with site 0
Giant's Castle Game Reserve Nature Reserve 37,163 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub - woodland -
Grassland Grassland - montane, Grassland - secondary -
Forest Montane forest - undifferentiated -
Wetlands (inland) Montane bogs, swamps and mires -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inselbergs, kopjes & inland cliffs -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Maloti Drakensberg Park. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/maloti-drakensberg-park-iba-south-africa on 29/02/2024.