ZA046
Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Corncrake Crex crex LC winter - present A1
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus VU resident - present A1
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus NT resident 1998 present A3
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres VU non-breeding - present A1
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus LC resident 1998 present A3
Gorgeous Bush-shrike Telophorus viridis LC resident 1998 present A3
Rudd's Apalis Apalis ruddi LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Black-bellied Starling Notopholia corusca LC resident 1998 present A3
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Cyanomitra verreauxii LC resident 1998 present A3
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Lemon-breasted Canary Crithagra citrinipectus LC resident 1998 present A2, A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high very unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Woodland - mixed 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Forest Woodland - riparian 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Savanna Wooded grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Umfolozi Game Reserve Nature Reserve 44,545 protected area contained by site 0
Obuka Community Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 2,511 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mandlakazi Community Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,204 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hluhluwe Game Reserve Nature Reserve 14,381 protected area overlaps with site 96,453
Corridor Game Reserve Nature Reserve 21,582 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - mixed, Woodland - riparian -
Shrubland Scrub - woodland -
Savanna Wooded grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2022.