ZA021
Spitskop Dam


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1998 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
South African Shelduck Tadorna cana LC non-breeding - 1,000-2,451 individuals A4i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC non-breeding - 50-100 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding - frequent A1
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata LC non-breeding - 2,000-5,425 individuals A4i
African Spoonbill Platalea alba LC non-breeding - 120-257 individuals A4i
African Darter Anhinga rufa LC non-breeding - 300-600 individuals A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding - 417 individuals A4i

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1998).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 very unfavourable very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Shrubland Shrubland - bushy Karroo 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - scale unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - Semi-desert -
Shrubland Shrubland - bushy Karroo -
Wetlands (inland) Artificial wetlands, Rivers & streams -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
water management -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Spitskop Dam. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/spitskop-dam-iba-south-africa on 23/02/2024.