ZA019
Barberspan and Leeupan


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
South African Shelduck Tadorna cana LC non-breeding - 543-1,000 individuals A4i
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma LC non-breeding - 54-500 individuals A4i
Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata LC non-breeding - 2,139-5,281 individuals A4i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC non-breeding - 73-128 individuals A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 510-5,000 individuals A4i
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata LC non-breeding - 7,425-27,000 individuals A4i
White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus LC winter - 2,860 individuals A4i
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC winter - 100-1,000 individuals A1, A4ii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Oxyura maccoa Maccoa Duck 230 560 individuals 100 favourable
Alopochen aegyptiaca Egyptian Goose 2000 4000 individuals 100 favourable
Tadorna cana South African Shelduck 1000 3000 individuals 100 favourable
Plectropterus gambensis Spur-winged Goose 3000 5000 individuals 100 favourable
Netta erythrophthalma Southern Pochard 500 5000 individuals 100 favourable
Spatula smithii Cape Shoveler 250 800 individuals 100 favourable
Anas undulata Yellow-billed Duck 5281 6000 individuals 100 favourable
Anas erythrorhyncha Red-billed Teal 5000 6000 individuals 100 favourable
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe 207 5000 individuals 100 favourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 7000 7000 individuals 100 favourable
Phoeniconaias minor Lesser Flamingo 15000 30000 individuals 100 favourable
Fulica cristata Red-knobbed Coot 27000 20000 individuals 75 near favourable
Platalea alba African Spoonbill 91 150 individuals 100 favourable
Pelecanus rufescens Pink-backed Pelican 50 50 individuals 100 favourable
Pelecanus onocrotalus Great White Pelican 200 200 individuals 100 favourable
Charadrius pallidus Chestnut-banded Plover 500 500 individuals 100 favourable
Glareola nordmanni Black-winged Pratincole 1500 1500 individuals 100 favourable
Hydroprogne caspia Caspian Tern 70 400 individuals 100 favourable
Chlidonias leucopterus White-winged Tern 2860 3000 individuals 100 favourable
Tyto capensis African Grass-owl 20 20 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Sagittarius serpentarius Secretarybird 5 5 individuals 100 favourable
Gyps africanus White-backed Vulture 250 250 individuals 100 favourable
Circus ranivorus African Marsh-harrier 10 10 individuals 100 favourable
Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel 1000 2500 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Barberspan Nature Reserve (Ramsar) Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 3,025 protected area overlaps with site 3,118
Barberspan Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 3,015 protected area overlaps with site 3,052

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams, Freshwater lakes and pools -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
water management -
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Barberspan and Leeupan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/05/2021.