River Mura

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2011

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Little Crake Zapornia parva LC breeding 1999 10-20 breeding pairs C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 2002-2010 8-11 breeding pairs B2, C6
Common Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus LC breeding 1999-2010 20-40 breeding pairs C6
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 2004-2010 60-100 individuals C6
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla LC breeding 2002-2011 2 breeding pairs C6
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis LC breeding 1999 60-100 breeding pairs B2, C6
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla LC breeding 2002-2010 100-200 breeding pairs B2
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC breeding 2004-2010 1,450-2,200 breeding pairs B3, C6
Barred Warbler Curruca nisoria LC breeding 2006-2010 50-80 breeding pairs B3, C6
Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis LC breeding 2004-2008 5,600-7,400 breeding pairs B3, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2015 very high unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest 0 0 poor (40-69%) good (> 90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Ščavniška dolina ekološko pomembno območje 2,263 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Mura - Radmožanci ekološko pomembno območje 17,454 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mura posebno varstveno območje 14,651 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mura Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 14,651 protected area overlaps with site 9,987
Mura posebno varstveno območje 10,252 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mura Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 10,252 protected area overlaps with site 7,603


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest -
Shrubland -
Grassland Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: River Mura. Downloaded from on 31/01/2023.