IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2001 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara LC resident 1999 present A3
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter - 12-600 individuals A1, A4i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC winter - 300-25,000 individuals A4i
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT breeding - 50-200 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter - 10,000-90,000 individuals A4i
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca NT winter 1991 20-90 individuals A1
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter - 5,000-10,000 individuals A4i
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope LC winter - 10,000-50,000 individuals A4i
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter - 500-4,500 individuals A4i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter - 2,000-45,000 individuals A4i
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT passage - 3,000-6,000 individuals A4i
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC breeding - 200-600 breeding pairs A4i
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae LC breeding 1999 present A3
Sardinian Warbler Curruca melanocephala LC resident 1999 present A3
Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor LC resident 1999 present A3
Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica LC breeding 1999 present A3
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura LC resident 1999 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter - 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2001).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2009 very unfavourable medium high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes population good

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Anser anser Greylag Goose 250 1526 individuals 100 favourable
Aythya ferina Common Pochard 10000 12875 individuals 100 favourable
Spatula clypeata Northern Shoveler 4500 10944 individuals 100 favourable
Mareca penelope Eurasian Wigeon 3000 21223 individuals 100 favourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 1325 3584 individuals 100 favourable
Fulica atra Common Coot 20000 64311 individuals 100 favourable
Limosa limosa Black-tailed Godwit 1300 13 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Glareola pratincola Collared Pratincole 190 60 breeding pairs 32 very unfavourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 20000 125044 individuals 100 favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Parc national de l'Ichkeul UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 14,100 protected area overlaps with site 10,770
Ichkeul National Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 12,600
Ichkeul Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 12,600
Ichkeul UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 0
Ichkeul National Park 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 12,600
Ichkeul Wetland Zone of National Importance 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 0

Local Conservation Groups

The Local Conservation Groups listed below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
AAO/ Tunisian Ornithology Group (GTO) 2000
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local Conservation Groups, please click here.


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools, Saline lakes -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ichkeul. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.