Site description (2001 baseline)
The proposed Aangole–Farbiito (Forbiitu) National Park lies on the Jubba river, between the towns of Bu’aale and Jilib and incorporates the two riverine Forest Reserves of Barako Madow and Shoonto. Common forest tree species include Ficus, Mimusops, Diospyros and Sorindeia spp. Emergents reach 15–25 m high while the lower storeys are dense with abundant creepers. The galleries are up to 100 m wide. Outside the riverine belt are extensive areas of thorn-bush, low trees and degraded grassland with scattered palms. Intermediate woodland consists of Newtonia, Balanites and Hyphaene spp., while the thorn-bush is composed principally of Acacia and Dobera spp.
See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. This site lies on the boundary of two EBAs, includes elements of two biomes and, although there are no quantitative data available, is within one of Somalia’s most important wetland areas.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals of conservation concern that have been recorded include Crocuta crocuta (LR/cd), Hyaena hyaena (LR/nt), Cephalophus harveyi (LR/cd), C. natalensis (LR/cd), Tragelaphus imberbis (LR/cd), Kobus ellipsiprymnus (LR/cd), Litocranius walleri (LR/cd) and Ammodorcas clarkei (VU). Two fish that occur are Pardiglanis tarabinii (DD) and Barbus gananensis, both confined to the Jubba river. A new tree species Cola sp. nov. was identified in the Jubba valley in 1986, as was an undescribed species of sedge Cyperus sp. nov. It is possible that both of these species and possibly other plants endemic to the Jubba valley are found within this site.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Aangole - Farbiito. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/aangole--farbiito-iba-somalia on 01/12/2023.