Djoudj wetlands

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2019 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-faced Whistling-duck Dendrocygna viduata LC non-breeding 2014-2017 73,734-91,177 individuals A4, B3a
Fulvous Whistling-duck Dendrocygna bicolor LC non-breeding 2014-2017 615-1,704 individuals B3a
Egyptian Goose Alopochen aegyptiaca LC non-breeding 2014-2017 61-135 individuals B3a
Spur-winged Goose Plectropterus gambensis LC non-breeding 2014-2017 3,143-8,354 individuals A4, B3a
Knob-billed Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos LC non-breeding 2014-2017 460-874 individuals B3a
African Pygmy-goose Nettapus auritus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 53-100 individuals B3a
Garganey Spatula querquedula LC winter 2014-2017 54,917-90,368 individuals A4, B3a
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 2014-2017 4,311-6,747 individuals B3a
Northern Pintail Anas acuta LC winter 2014-2017 91,905-126,420 individuals A4, B3a
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 10,758-16,940 individuals A4, B3a
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding 2014-2017 7,943-14,161 individuals B1a, B3a
Black Crowned Crane Balearica pavonina VU non-breeding 2014-2017 73-85 individuals A1, B3a
Yellow-billed Stork Mycteria ibis LC non-breeding 2014-2017 1,464-2,553 individuals A4, B3a
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia LC winter 2014-2017 198-218 individuals B3a
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC non-breeding 2014-2017 17,825-24,495 individuals A4, B3a
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides LC non-breeding 2014-2017 353-526 individuals B3a
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea LC non-breeding 2014-2017 188-303 individuals B3a
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 2014-2017 711-1,013 individuals B3a
Yellow-billed Egret Ardea brachyrhyncha LC non-breeding 2014-2017 392-1,049 individuals B3a
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding 2014-2017 13,816-18,392 individuals A4, B3a
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC non-breeding 2014-2017 2,497-2,735 individuals B3a
African Darter Anhinga rufa LC non-breeding 2014-2019 397-553 individuals B3a
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC winter 2014-2017 3,787-8,077 individuals A4, B3a
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica NT winter 2014-2017 155 individuals B1a
Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa NT winter 2014-2017 2,333-5,245 individuals B1a, B3a
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter 2014-2017 83-179 individuals B1a
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC non-breeding 2014-2017 825-2,152 individuals B3a
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC passage 1994 3,200 individuals A4, B3a
Collared Sand Martin Riparia riparia LC winter - 2,000,000 individuals A4, B3a
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding 2014-2017 299,535-358,172 individuals B3b

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2019).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 not assessed very high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
no unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Oiseaux de Djoudj National Park 16,000 protected area contained by site 16,000
Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 16,000 protected area contained by site 16,000
Djoudj Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 16,000 protected area contained by site 16,000


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Grassland -
Forest -
Desert -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
other -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Djoudj wetlands. Downloaded from on 04/03/2024.