Walvis Bay

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC non-breeding - 2,050-4,030 individuals A4i
Phoenicopterus ruber NR non-breeding - 11,350-31,800 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding - 14,200-33,060 individuals A1, A4i
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini LC non-breeding - 110-204 individuals A1, A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding - 818-2,340 individuals A4i
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola LC winter - 816-3,360 individuals A4i
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus LC non-breeding - 1,010-1,610 individuals A4i
Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus NT non-breeding - 1,810-6,040 individuals A4i
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter - 2,110-4,420 individuals A4i
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter - 11,180-22,700 individuals A4i
Sanderling Calidris alba LC winter - 2,110-7,360 individuals A4i
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus LC non-breeding - 1,710-5,170 individuals A4i
Damara Tern Sternula balaenarum VU non-breeding - 60-265 individuals A1, A4i
Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia LC non-breeding - 70-230 individuals A4i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC winter - 5,410-23,610 individuals A4i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC non-breeding - 350-1,660 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2001 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - oil spills happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Walvis Bay Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 12,600 protected area overlaps with site 4,000
Dorob National Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 814,558 protected area contains site 4,000
Dorob National Park 817,600 protected area overlaps with site 4,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Walvis Bay. Downloaded from on 08/08/2020.