Etosha National Park

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Hartlaub's Francolin Pternistis hartlaubi LC resident 1998 present A3
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC non-breeding - 9,770-100,000 individuals A4i
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT non-breeding - 1,594-1,000,000 individuals A1, A4i
Burchell's Sandgrouse Pterocles burchelli LC resident 1998 present A3
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus VU resident - 15 breeding pairs A1
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC non-breeding - 622-3,000 individuals A4i
Chestnut-banded Plover Charadrius pallidus LC non-breeding - 166-550 individuals A4i
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus LC winter - 119-382 individuals A4i
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT winter - 200-300 individuals A1, A4i
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT winter - present A1
Monteiro's Hornbill Tockus monteiri LC resident 1998 present A3
Rüppell's Parrot Poicephalus rueppellii LC resident 1998 present A3
Ground Batis Lanioturdus torquatus LC resident 1998 present A3
Rockrunner Achaetops pycnopygius LC resident 1998 present A3
Barred Wren-warbler Calamonastes fasciolatus LC resident 1998 present A3
Bare-cheeked Babbler Turdoides gymnogenys LC resident 1998 present A3
Burchell's Starling Lamprotornis australis LC resident 1998 present A3
Kalahari Scrub-robin Cercotrichas paena LC resident 1998 present A3
Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius LC resident 1998 present A3
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 500,000-999,999 individuals A4iii

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2001 very high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Khoadi-Hôas Communal Conservancy 336,428 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Iipumbu ya Tshilongo Communal Conservancy 154,785 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Hobatere Concession 25,800 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Etosha Pan, Lake Oponono & Cuvelai drainage Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 600,000 protected area overlaps with site 600,000
Etosha National Park 2,294,100 protected area contains site 2,287,950
Ehirovipuka Communal Conservancy 197,981 protected area is adjacent to site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
Grassland -
Desert -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Etosha National Park. Downloaded from on 02/06/2023.