KE058
Kakamega forest This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini LC resident 1999 present A3
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-chested Owlet Glaucidium tephronotum LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey-cheeked Hornbill Bycanistes subcylindricus LC resident 1999 present A3
Blue-headed Bee-eater Merops muelleri LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Yellow-billed Barbet Trachylaemus purpuratus LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui LC resident 1999 present A3
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta LC resident 1999 present A3
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis LC resident 1999 present A3
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli LC resident 1999 present A3
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus EN resident 1999 present A3
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrynchus LC resident 1999 present A3
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti LC resident 1999 present A3
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus LC resident 1999 present A3
Jameson's Wattle-eye Dyaphorophyia jamesoni LC resident 1999 present A3
Chestnut Wattle-eye Dyaphorophyia castanea LC resident 1999 present A3
Bocage's Bush-shrike Chlorophoneus bocagei LC resident 1999 present A3
Terpsiphone rufiventer NR resident 1999 present A3
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus LC resident 1999 present A3
Turner's Eremomela Eremomela turneri NT resident 1999 present A1, A3
Buff-throated Apalis Apalis rufogularis LC resident 1999 present A3
Tawny-breasted Camaroptera Camaroptera toroensis LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus LC resident 1999 present A3
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Greenbul Eurillas gracilis LC resident 1999 present A3
Ansorge's Greenbul Eurillas ansorgei LC resident 1999 present A3
Plain Greenbul Eurillas curvirostris LC resident 1999 present A3
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris LC resident 1999 present A3
Uganda Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus budongoensis LC resident 1999 present A3
Green Hylia Hylia prasina LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens LC resident 1999 present A3
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis LC resident 1999 present A3
Chapin's Flycatcher Fraseria lendu VU resident 1999 present A1, A2
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey-chinned Sunbird Anthreptes tephrolaemus LC resident 1999 present A3
Green-throated Sunbird Chalcomitra rubescens LC resident 1999 present A3
Vieillot's Black Weaver Ploceus nigerrimus LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-headed Malimbe Malimbus rubricollis LC resident 1999 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2019 high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Kakamega Forest Reserve 17,838 protected area overlaps with site 17,838
Kakamega National Reserve 4,470 protected area contained by site 4,468
Buyanga Forest Reserve 3,857 protected area overlaps with site 0

Local conservation groups

The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Kakamega Forest Guides Association 1995
KEEP 1995
Mureshi community Forest association 2007
For more information on BirdLife's work with Local conservation groups please click here.

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional -
Grassland Grassland - secondary -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kakamega forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/08/2020.