KE044
Lake Baringo This is an IBA in Danger! 


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1999 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus LC resident 1999 present A3
Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar Caprimulgus donaldsoni LC resident 1999 present A3
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Hemprich's Hornbill Lophoceros hemprichii LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris LC resident 1999 present A3
Jackson's Hornbill Tockus jacksoni LC resident 1999 present A3
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor LC resident 1999 present A3
D'Arnaud's Barbet Trachyphonus darnaudii LC resident 1999 present A3
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-throated Barbet Tricholaema melanocephala LC resident 1999 present A3
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Tit Melaniparus thruppi LC resident 1999 present A3
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus LC resident 1999 present A3
Pink-breasted Lark Calendulauda poecilosterna LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey Wren-warbler Calamonastes simplex LC resident 1999 present A3
Pale Prinia Prinia somalica LC resident 1999 present A3
Kenya White-eye Zosterops flavilateralis LC resident 1999 present A3
Rufous Chatterer Argya rubiginosa LC resident 1999 present A3
Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii LC resident 1999 present A3
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor LC resident 1999 present A3
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus LC resident 1999 present A3
Brown-tailed Chat Oenanthe scotocerca LC resident 1999 present A3
Eastern Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis LC resident 1999 present A3
Hunter's Sunbird Chalcomitra hunteri LC resident 1999 present A3
Shining Sunbird Cinnyris habessinicus LC resident 1999 present A3
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli LC resident 1999 present A3
Purple Grenadier Granatina ianthinogaster LC resident 1999 present A3
Blue-capped Cordon-bleu Uraeginthus cyanocephalus LC resident 1999 present A3
Black-cheeked Waxbill Brunhilda charmosyna LC resident 1999 present A3
Grey-headed Silverbill Spermestes griseicapilla LC resident 1999 present A3
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina LC resident 1999 present A3
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri LC resident 1999 present A3
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus LC resident 1999 present A3
Northern Grosbeak-canary Crithagra donaldsoni LC resident 1999 present A3
White-bellied Canary Crithagra dorsostriata LC resident 1999 present A3
Somali Bunting Emberiza poliopleura LC resident 1999 present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1999).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 very unfavourable very high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat -

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest Woodland - mixed 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools 0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Ruko Community Widlife Conservancy Community Nature Reserve 17,897 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lake Baringo National Reserve 0 protected area contains site 0
Lake Baringo Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 31,469 protected area contains site 28,400

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - mixed -
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
water management -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
forestry -
fisheries/aquaculture -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Lake Baringo. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/lake-baringo-iba-kenya on 03/03/2024.