KE036
Nairobi National Park This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2015

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum EN resident - - A1
Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori NT resident - - A1
Madagascar Pond-heron Ardeola idae EN non-breeding - - A1
Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius EN resident - - A1
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus CR resident - - A1
Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppelli CR non-breeding - - A1
Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos EN resident - - A1
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus EN resident - - A1
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU - - - A1

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2021 very high unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Savanna Wooded grassland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Ngong Road Forest Reserve 1,039 protected area overlaps with site 0
Nairobi National Park 11,700 protected area overlaps with site 11,700

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - riparian -
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry -
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen, Wooded grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nairobi National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2022.