Lake Turkana

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus LC winter 1992 2,580 individuals A4i
Pink-backed Pelican Pelecanus rufescens LC winter 1992 1,060 individuals A4i
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula LC winter 1992 13,600 individuals A4i
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius LC winter 1992 8,600 individuals A4i
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus LC winter 1992 500 individuals A4i
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus LC winter 1992 6,930 individuals A4i
Little Stint Calidris minuta LC winter 1992 113,000 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 1992 100,000-499,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Wetlands (inland) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) No management planning has taken place Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
South Island National Park 3,880 protected area contained by site 3,880
Sibiloi National Park 157,085 protected area overlaps with site 10,000
Lake Turkana National Parks World Heritage Site 161,485 protected area contained by site 161,485
Central Island National Park 500 protected area contained by site 500


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Saline lakes -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2018) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lake Turkana. Downloaded from on 21/09/2018.