KE021
Taita Hills Forests This is an IBA in Danger! 


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1999 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus NT resident 1999 present A1
Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha VU resident - present A1
Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis CR resident 1999 present A1, A2
Taita White-eye Zosterops silvanus VU resident 1998 1,500 individuals A1, A2
Abbott's Starling Arizelopsar femoralis EN resident 1999 present A1
Taita Thrush Turdus helleri EN resident 1999 present A1, A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1999).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 near favourable high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Yale Forest Reserve 22 protected area contained by site 2
Vurai Forest Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1
Sagalla Forest Reserve 70 protected area contained by site 70
Ngerenyi Forest Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 3
Ngangao Forest Reserve 123 protected area contained by site 92
Mwachora Forest Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 4
Mbololo Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 220
Macha Forest Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 3
Kichuchenyi Forest Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2
Fururu Forest Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 12
Chaiwa Forest Reserve 50 protected area contained by site 50

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations -
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Taita Hills Forests. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/taita-hills-forests-iba-kenya on 26/02/2024.