ET003
Simien Mountains National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1996

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Francolinus castaneicollis NR resident 1996 present A3
Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii LC resident 1996 present A3
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques LC resident 1996 present A3
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 1996 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 1996 present A3
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis LC resident 1996 present A3
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata LC resident 1996 present A3
Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus LC resident 1996 present A3
Buteo oreophilus NR resident 1996 present A3
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage - present A1
Banded Barbet Lybius undatus LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus LC resident 1996 present A3
Black-winged Lovebird Agapornis taranta LC resident 1996 present A3
Ethiopian Black-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha LC resident 1996 present A3
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
White-backed Black Tit Melaniparus leuconotus LC resident 1996 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1996 present A3
Sylvia abyssinica NR resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Catbird Parophasma galinieri LC resident 1996 present A3
Zosterops poliogastrus NR resident 1996 present A3
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis chocolatinus LC resident 1996 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 1996 present A3
White-winged Cliff-chat Monticola semirufus LC resident 1996 present A3
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida LC resident 1996 present A3
Rüppell's Chat Myrmecocichla melaena LC resident 1996 present A2, A3
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze LC resident 1996 present A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 1996 present A3
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis NT resident 1996 present A1, A3
Serinus striolatus NR resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Citril Crithagra citrinelloides LC resident 1996 present A3
Brown-rumped Seedeater Crithagra tristriata LC resident 1996 present A3
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps LC resident 1996 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
1996 medium very unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information -

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland 0 0 very poor (< 40%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Simien National Park World Heritage Site 23,200 protected area contains site 19,000
Simien Mountains National Park 17,900 protected area contained by site 17,900

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial -
Grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Simien Mountains National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/10/2017.