ET003
Simien Mountains National Park


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 1996 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Erckel's Francolin Pternistis erckelii LC resident 1996 present A3
Chestnut-naped Francolin Pternistis castaneicollis LC resident 1996 present A3
White-collared Pigeon Columba albitorques LC resident 1996 present A3
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 1996 present A3
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae LC resident 1996 present A3
White-cheeked Turaco Tauraco leucotis LC resident 1996 present A3
Wattled Ibis Bostrychia carunculata LC resident 1996 present A3
Spot-breasted Lapwing Vanellus melanocephalus LC resident 1996 present A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 1996 present A3
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus NT passage - present A1
Banded Barbet Lybius undatus LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Woodpecker Dendropicos abyssinicus LC resident 1996 present A3
Black-winged Lovebird Agapornis taranta LC resident 1996 present A3
Ethiopian Black-headed Oriole Oriolus monacha LC resident 1996 present A3
Thick-billed Raven Corvus crassirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
White-backed Black Tit Melaniparus leuconotus LC resident 1996 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Catbird Sylvia galinieri LC resident 1996 present A3
African Hill-babbler Sylvia abyssinica LC resident 1996 present A3
Ethiopian White-eye Zosterops poliogastrus LC resident 1996 present A3
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
White-billed Starling Onychognathus albirostris LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis chocolatinus LC resident 1996 present A3
Rüppell's Robin-Chat Cossypha semirufa LC resident 1996 present A3
White-winged Cliff-chat Monticola semirufus LC resident 1996 present A3
Moorland Chat Pinarochroa sordida LC resident 1996 present A3
Rüppell's Chat Myrmecocichla melaena LC resident 1996 present A2, A3
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze LC resident 1996 present A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 1996 present A3
Swainson's Sparrow Passer swainsonii LC resident 1996 present A3
Abyssinian Longclaw Macronyx flavicollis NT resident 1996 present A1, A3
Abyssinian Citril Crithagra citrinelloides LC resident 1996 present A3
Brown-rumped Seedeater Crithagra tristriata LC resident 1996 present A3
Ethiopian Siskin Serinus nigriceps LC resident 1996 present A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident 1996 present A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (1996).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
1996 very unfavourable medium low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat -

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Grassland 0 0 very poor (< 40%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun Some limited conservation initiatives are in place low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Simien National Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 23,200 protected area contained by site 19,000
Simien Mountains National Park 48,588 protected area contained by site 17,900

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Grassland -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Simien Mountains National Park. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/simien-mountains-national-park-iba-ethiopia on 21/02/2024.