IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2015

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus LC breeding 1991 50,000-100,000 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B3
Leach's Storm-petrel Hydrobates leucorhous VU breeding 1991 167,600-224,600 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii
Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis LC breeding 2006-2008 38,377-38,984 nests B2
Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus LC breeding 1991 8,000-10,000 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B3
Northern Gannet Morus bassanus LC breeding 2005-2008 12,085 nests A4ii, B1ii, B3
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla VU breeding 2006-2008 50,185 nests A4i, B1i, B2
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 2010 649,300-1,020,900 breeding pairs A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2
Razorbill Alca torda LC breeding 2006-2008 2,248-3,502 breeding pairs B2
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 2005-2007 31,129-34,902 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B2
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2005-2010 785,806-1,158,013 breeding pairs A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Surtsey Fridland 6,559 protected area overlaps with site 270
Surtsey Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 6,500 protected area overlaps with site 0
Surtsey World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 3,371 protected area overlaps with site 550


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland -
Sea Open Sea, Sea inlets and coastal features -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores, Rock stacks and islets -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
other -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vestmannaeyjar. Downloaded from on 08/08/2022.