Wadi Wurayah

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2017 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Sand Partridge Ammoperdix heyi LC resident 2006-2017 250-999 individuals B2a
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC resident 2014-2015 90-165 males A3, B2a
Omani Owl Strix butleri LC resident 2014-2015 min 1 males A3, B2a
Plain Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus neglectus LC winter 2006-2017 1,000-2,499 individuals B2a
Arabian Babbler Argya squamiceps LC resident 2006-2017 50-249 individuals B2a
Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha LC resident 2006-2017 < 50 individuals B2a
Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe albonigra LC resident 2006-2017 1,000-2,499 individuals A3, B2a

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2017).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2017 near favourable low high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Shrubland 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Wadi Wurayah Protected Area 22,413 protected area contains site 22,100
Wadi Wurayah Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 22,413 protected area contains site 22,100


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Permanent rivers, streams & creeks, Freshwater springs & oases, Seasonal/intermittent/irregular river/stream/creek -
Shrubland Subtropical & tropical dry -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
other -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Wadi Wurayah. Downloaded from http://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/wadi-wurayah-iba-united-arab-emirates on 03/10/2023.