A mixture of meadows and almost unbroken woodland situated along the Mure° river between Arad and the Hungarian border. In wetter areas Salix and Populus dominate with Quercus, Ulmus and Fraxinus on drier sites. Only 14% of the remaining woods are natural, most having been replaced by plantations. The woods are interspersed with clearings, pastures and permanent small marshes and lakes. Flooding occurs each spring.
This is an important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds and raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (10 breeding pairs), Haliaeetus albicilla (3-4 wintering birds) and Crex crex (breeding).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from deforestation, dyke construction and hunting. The area has been proposed as a transboundary reserve.
National Low International None25 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Bezdin Lake, 25 ha). 17 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Prundul Mare Island), 17 ha).
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mures river lower flood-plain. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 31/03/2023.