Pietrosul mountain lies in the northern part of the Rodna mountains. Four vegetation belts occur: Fagus forest up to 1,000 m; Abies forest up to 1,700 m; dwarf Pinus shrubs at the treeline; and alpine grasslands and rocky areas above that.
This is an important site for species characteristic of upland deciduous forests, montane conifer forests and open, rocky alpine habitats.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from tourism, selective logging, livestock-grazing and disturbance as a result of chamois Rupicapra rupicapra hunting. A management plan exists for the site. The Biology Institute from Cluj, sponsored by the Environment Ministry, has carried out research in the Nature Reserve.
National High International High3,068 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Pietrosul Mare, 3,068 ha). 3,068 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Pietrosul Mare Nature Reserve, 3,068 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rodnei Mountains. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 24/01/2021.