Ladder Hill

Country/territory: St Helena (to UK)

IBA Criteria met: A4ii (2015)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 95 ha

Protection status:

Site description
The site comprises a section of the North West coast of St Helena situated to the South West of James Bay within the area of Halftree Hollow. The site extends inland over Ladder Hill. The coast is dominated by arid basltic sea cliffs, rising mainly to between 300 m and 570 m.

Key biodiversity
See table for key species. There are 10 breeding species of seabirds in St Helena: Bulweria bulwerii, Pelagodroma marina, Oceanodroma castro, Phaethon aethereus, Sula dactylatra, Sula leucogaster, Onychoprion fuscatus, Anous stolidus, Anous minutus and Gygis alba (Prater, 2012). The site supports the largest breeding colony of P. aethereus in St Helena, with 240 individuals present in 2014 (George & Beard, 2014). P. aethereus have a low breeding success at this site with 19% in 2013 and 26% in 2014 (Beard pers. comm. 2015). The breeding colonies of St Helena are at the most southerly breeding range for this species in the Atlantic (Prater, 2012).

Non-bird biodiversity: The seas around St Helena support a small number of Whale Sharks Rhincodon typus from January to May along with resident Pantropical Spotted Dolphins Stenella attenuata and a few bottlenose dolphins Tursiops truncatus (Prater, 2012). Humpback Whales Megaptera novaeangliae calve off the coast from June to December. The waters are regularly used by Hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata and Green turtles Chelonia mydas (Prater, 2012).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ladder Hill. Downloaded from on 24/07/2021.