Besides the trigger species the following species are confirmed or likely to be breeding: Sooty Shearwater, Fairy Prion, Paradise Shelduck, Australasian Harrier, Variable Oystercatcher, Banded Dotterel, Southern Black-backed Gull, Red-billed Gull, White-fronted Tern, NZ Pigeon, Parakeet sp., (Morepork), Welcome Swallow, NZ Pipit, Grey Warbler, South Island Fantail, South Island Tomtit, Silvereye, Bellbird, Tui, Hedge Sparrow, Blackbird, Chaffinch, Goldfinch, Redpoll.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Human disturbance – Yes Predation by alien species – Yes Habitat loss or degradation – No Contamination – No Natural disaster – No Other – No
Arawhata - Conservation Area - Protected area overlaps with site
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hope River. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2022.