Western Balkan

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Common Quail Coturnix coturnix LC breeding 2004 254-2,190 breeding pairs B2
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca NT resident 2005 70-90 breeding pairs B2
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC resident 2004 72-266 males C6
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus LC breeding 2004 290-335 breeding pairs C6
Corncrake Crex crex LC breeding 2004 280-290 breeding pairs A1, C1, C6
Little Owl Athene noctua LC resident 2004 37-130 breeding pairs B2
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus LC resident 2004 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 2004 8 breeding pairs C6
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC breeding 2004 12 breeding pairs C6
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU resident 2004 1-3 breeding pairs A1, C1, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 2004 7-8 breeding pairs B2, C6
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes LC breeding 2005 4-6 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla LC breeding 2004 29-153 breeding pairs B2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius LC resident 2004 80-100 breeding pairs C6
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius LC resident 2004 280-2,700 breeding pairs B3, C6
Syrian Woodpecker Dendrocopos syriacus LC resident 2005 400-700 breeding pairs B3, C6
Dendrocopos leucotos NR resident 2004 40 breeding pairs C6
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus LC resident 2004 37-60 breeding pairs B2
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN resident 2004 2 breeding pairs B2, C6
Falco peregrinus NR breeding 2005 10 breeding pairs C6
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio LC breeding 2004 6,000-8,000 breeding pairs B2, C6
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor LC breeding 1996 140-190 breeding pairs B2, C6
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC resident 2004 32 breeding pairs A3
Woodlark Lullula arborea LC resident 2004 3,650-11,000 breeding pairs B2, C6
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 2005 2-5 breeding pairs A3
Turdus merula NR resident 2004 7,945-25,200 breeding pairs B3
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata LC breeding 2005 400-600 breeding pairs B2, C6
Ficedula parva NR breeding 2000 60-80 breeding pairs C6
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC breeding 2004 12-25 breeding pairs A3
European Greenfinch Chloris chloris LC resident 2004 820-5,800 breeding pairs B3
Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana LC breeding 2004 1,100-1,400 breeding pairs B2, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Zapadna Stara planina i Predbalkan Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 219,753 protected area overlaps with site 134,643
Zapaden Balkan Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 72,021 is identical to site 146,820
Vrachanski Balkan Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 35,981 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Tchuprene Reserve 1,440 protected area contained by site 1,440
Tchuprene Buffer Zone 542 protected area contained by site 542
Réserve Tchoupréné UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,982 protected area contained by site 1,440
Chuprenski buki Protected Site 553 unknown 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Scrub -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Western Balkan. Downloaded from on 26/01/2020.