BG011
Central Balkan


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2005

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Rock Partridge Alectoris graeca NT resident 1998 160-240 breeding pairs B2
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia LC resident 1998 180-300 breeding pairs C6
European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus LC breeding 1998 220-450 breeding pairs C6
Corncrake Crex crex LC breeding 1998 25-70 breeding pairs A1, C1
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum LC resident 1998 10-20 breeding pairs C6
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus LC resident 1998 20-35 breeding pairs C6
Ural Owl Strix uralensis LC breeding 1998 15-25 breeding pairs C6
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU resident 1996 1-2 breeding pairs A1, C1, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 1998 10-12 breeding pairs B2, C6
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius LC resident 1998 110-130 breeding pairs C6
White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos LC resident 1998 130-150 breeding pairs C6
Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus LC resident 1996 40-50 breeding pairs B2
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug EN resident 1998 3 breeding pairs B2, C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 1998 6-7 breeding pairs C6
Yellow-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus LC non-breeding 1996 500 individuals A3
Eurasian Blue Tit Cyanistes caeruleus LC resident 1996 6,000-7,000 breeding pairs B3
Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla LC breeding 1996 25,000-40,000 breeding pairs B3
Wallcreeper Tichodroma muraria LC resident 1996 10-15 breeding pairs A3
Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus LC breeding 1996 3,400-4,000 breeding pairs B3
Song Thrush Turdus philomelos LC breeding 1996 14,000-16,000 breeding pairs B3
Fieldfare Turdus pilaris LC winter 1996 2,000-3,000 individuals B3
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus LC breeding 1998 5,000-7,000 breeding pairs B3
Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula LC resident 1998 25,000-33,000 breeding pairs B3
European Robin Erithacus rubecula LC resident 1996 55,000-65,000 breeding pairs B3
Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata LC breeding 1998 140-280 breeding pairs B2, C6
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis LC breeding 1996 20 breeding pairs B2
Common Stonechat Saxicola torquatus LC breeding 1996 200-300 breeding pairs B2
Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva LC breeding 1998 550-600 breeding pairs C6
Goldcrest Regulus regulus LC breeding 1996 6,500-9,000 breeding pairs B3
Alpine Accentor Prunella collaris LC breeding 1998 600-800 breeding pairs A3
Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs LC resident 1998 135,000-180,000 breeding pairs B3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Yazovir Koprinka Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 876 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Vodopad Suchurum Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 0 protected area contained by site 0
Vikanata skala Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 0 protected area contained by site 0
Vartopa Zashtitena Mestnost 5 protected area contained by site 0
Tsentralen Balkan bufer Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 72,021 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tsentralen Balkan - bufer Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 138,364 protected area overlaps with site 67,002
Tsentralen Balkan Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 72,021 protected area contained by site 71,670
Tsentralen Balkan Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 72,021 protected area contained by site 0
Tsaritchina Buffer Zone 1,062 protected area contained by site 1,062
Tsarichina Rezervat 3,419 protected area contained by site 3,419
Tarnichensko praskalo Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 1 protected area overlaps with site 0
Studen kladenetz Zashtitena Mestnost 64 protected area overlaps with site 0
Stolishta Zashtitena Mestnost 4 protected area contained by site 0
Steneto Rezervat 3,579 protected area contained by site 3,579
Steneto Buffer Zone 233 protected area contained by site 233
Stara reka Rezervat 1,975 protected area contained by site 1,975
Stara reka Buffer Zone 131 protected area contained by site 131
Sredna gora Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 110,374 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Sokolski manastir Zashtitena Mestnost 76 protected area contained by site 0
Sokolna Rezervat 1,250 protected area contained by site 1,250
Sokolna Buffer Zone 169 protected area contained by site 169
Skalen venetz Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 7 protected area contained by site 0
Severen Dzhendem Rezervat 1,610 protected area contained by site 1,610
Severen Djendem Buffer Zone 213 protected area contained by site 213
Sechi kamak Zashtitena Mestnost 390 protected area contained by site 0
Rusalka State Game Husbandries 23,810 protected area overlaps with site 0
Rositza State Game Husbandries 21,730 protected area overlaps with site 0
Réserve Tsaritchina UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,419 protected area contained by site 3,419
Réserve Djendema UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 4,220 protected area contained by site 1,775
Peeshti Skali Reserve 1,466 protected area contained by site 1,466
Peeshti skali Rezervat 1,466 protected area contained by site 0
Parc national Steneto UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,579 protected area contained by site 3,579
Orlov kamak-Chervenata stena Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 45 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mehchenica-Yovovtsi Zashtitena Mestnost 64 protected area contained by site 0
Mechkite Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 1 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mazalat State Game Husbandries 38,220 protected area overlaps with site 0
Liuliatsite Zashtitena Mestnost 57 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Leshnitza Rezervat 389 protected area contained by site 0
Kozya Stena Reserve 904 protected area contained by site 904
Kozya Stena Buffer Zone 114 protected area contained by site 114
Kozia stena Rezervat 904 protected area contained by site 0
Kostina Zashtitena Mestnost 72 protected area contained by site 0
Katuna Zashtitena Mestnost 152 protected area contained by site 0
Kamenshtitza Rezervat 1,017 protected area contained by site 0
Guruncheto Zashtitena Mestnost 1 protected area contained by site 0
Evkaya-Kamenna kashta Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 0 protected area contained by site 0
Eninskoto zhdrelo Zashtitena Mestnost 11 protected area overlaps with site 0
Elenova Gora Rezervat 54 protected area contained by site 0
Dzhendema Rezervat 4,220 protected area contained by site 4,220
Djendema Buffer Zone 2,117 protected area contained by site 2,117
Desetkar Zashtitena Mestnost 13 protected area contained by site 0
Cherti grad Prirodna Zabelezhitelnost 193 protected area contained by site 0
Cherniat rat Zashtitena Mestnost 293 protected area contained by site 0
Chamdja Poddarzhan Rezarvat 67 protected area contained by site 0
Centralen Balkan Nacionalen Park 72,021 protected area contained by site 71,670
Bulgarka Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 24,009 protected area contained by site 0
Bulgarka Priroden Park 21,772 protected area contained by site 0
Bulgarka Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 24,009 protected area contained by site 23,997
Borsuk kaya Zashtitena Mestnost 57 protected area contained by site 0
Boitine UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 1,598 protected area contained by site 1,598
Boatin Buffer Zone 942 protected area contained by site 942
Boatin Rezervat 1,597 protected area contained by site 0
Boatin Reserve 1,597 protected area contained by site 1,597
Benkovskata pesheta Zashtitena Mestnost 4 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Scrub, Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland, Dry siliceous grassland, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland, Humid grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Caves and Subterranean Habitats (non-aquatic) Caves -
Artificial/Terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
forestry -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Central Balkan. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/08/2022.