An extensive evergreen woodland of cork oak (Q.suber) that is managed for explotation of cork and shrubland is used for agriculture and shepherding.Also there are some woodland of Q. ilex and some irrigative and dry cultivation.The area contains a plateaus where River Seda forms a valley. This site holds Albufeira (lagoon) of Montargil, Albufeira of Maranhão, little dams and the Rivers Seda, Sor, Almadaf and Raia
Specially important for the number of raptors. There are 11 species of raptors that breeding in this site, the global density is about 60-80 pairs/100Km2. It is possible to watch, during all the year, individuals of Hieraaetus fasciatus and Pandion haliaetus(1-2),Circus cyaneus (2-3), Circus aeruginosus (1-2) during the winter; ocasionally Aquila chrysaetos.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
There is not a management plan to nature conservation in this site.Other' threats are forest degradation, tree-disease and soil degradation.
National: SIC proposal Cabeção (48606 ha overlaps with IBA)International: SIC Candidature Cabeçâo
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cabeção. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2020.