Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2002

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis LC breeding 2001 rare C6
Great Bustard Otis tarda VU resident 1999 10-20 individuals A1, C1, C6
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 1997 5-6 breeding pairs B2, C6
Eurasian Thick-knee Burhinus oedicnemus LC breeding 1996 20-50 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 2001 5-8 breeding pairs C6
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus LC resident 2000 2-4 breeding pairs C6
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 2002 2 breeding pairs B2, C6
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus LC breeding 2001 4-10 breeding pairs C6
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus LC resident 2002 10 breeding pairs B2, C6
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT resident 2000 frequent C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 2002 1 breeding pairs C6
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata LC resident 2002 1 breeding pairs B2, C6
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus LC breeding 2001 4-10 breeding pairs C6
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus LC breeding 2001 1-2 breeding pairs C6
Red Kite Milvus milvus NT resident 2001 1-2 breeding pairs C6
Black Kite Milvus migrans LC breeding 2001 8-15 breeding pairs C6
European Roller Coracias garrulus LC breeding 1996 1-5 breeding pairs C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC resident 2002 1 breeding pairs C6
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra LC breeding 1996 common C6
Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla LC breeding 2001 common C6
Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata NT resident 2001 common C6
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius LC resident 2001 15-50 breeding pairs B2
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura LC resident 1999 uncommon C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2005 low not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis, Scrub -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation, Rivers and streams -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Forestry plantations -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inland cliffs -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serra de Penha Garcia e Campina de Toulões. Downloaded from on 09/08/2020.