Steppic agricultural land of wheat-fields and dry pasture, with scattered evergreen oak Quercus woodland. Land-uses include cultivation and livestock-grazing. There is scattered human habitation. This site has two different areas, area of Vila Fernando and area of veiros, that are separated 10 km In the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989), this site was called Elvas Plains (former site PT028).
Important for breeding birds of steppic habitats, specially for population of Otis tarda that uses the two areas, Vila Fernando and Veiros. Significant proportion (1%) of national population breeding at site: Circus pygargus (8-10 pairs).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Nesting birds are disturbed by increasing road-traffic in the region, intensification/expansion of agriculture and afforestation.Also the increase of cattle causes a loss of ornitologic value, specially for steppic species.
National None International None
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Vila Fernando. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2022.