Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest)

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2002

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia LC resident 1998-2002 550-800 breeding pairs C6
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC resident 1998-2002 60-80 males C6
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix LC resident 1998-2002 150-200 males C6
Corncrake Crex crex LC breeding 1998-2002 170-230 breeding pairs A1, C1
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC breeding 1996-2000 8-10 breeding pairs B2, C6
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum LC resident 1998-2002 120-170 breeding pairs C6
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus LC resident 1998-2002 90-140 breeding pairs C6
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo LC resident 1996-2000 10 breeding pairs B2
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus LC breeding 1996-2000 10-20 breeding pairs B3
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis LC resident 1996-2000 5 breeding pairs B2
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius LC resident 1998-2002 100-150 breeding pairs C6
Picoides tridactylus NR resident 1996 200 breeding pairs B2, C6
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio LC breeding 1998-2002 200-300 breeding pairs B2
Woodlark Lullula arborea LC breeding 1998-2002 15-20 breeding pairs C6
Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus LC breeding 1996-2000 450 breeding pairs B3
Regulus ignicapillus NR breeding 1996-2000 abundant B3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high favourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Native coniferous woodland 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse 600 600 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie 180 350 adults 100 favourable
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse 45 45 males 100 favourable
Crex crex Corncrake 135 135 males 100 favourable
Ciconia nigra Black Stork 9 9 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl 105 105 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl 115 115 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Dryocopus martius Black Woodpecker 125 125 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Picoides tridactylus 75 210 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Sumavsk√° raseliniste (Sumava peatlands) Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6,371 protected area contained by site 6,371
Sumava CHKO Protected Landscape Area 99,752 protected area contained by site 94,480
Sumava Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 167,117 protected area contains site 163,000
Sumava Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 352 is identical to site 97,493
Sumava National Park 68,520 protected area contained by site 69,030
Sumava Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 171,925 protected area contains site 97,493


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland, Mixed woodland, Alluvial and very wet forest -
Grassland Humid grasslands, Mesophile grasslands -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Raised bogs, Fens, transition mires and springs -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree & boulders, Inland cliffs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved re-seeded landscapes, Arable land, Perennial crops, orchards and groves, Other urban and industrial areas, Ruderal land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
hunting -
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
water management -
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sumava mountains (Bohemian forest). Downloaded from on 05/04/2020.