Jazman (Zurbatia)

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2014 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 2009-2011 300 breeding pairs A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 2009-2011 100 breeding pairs A3
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU winter 2005-2011 frequent A1
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC resident 2009-2011 4 breeding pairs A3
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 2009-2011 30 breeding pairs A3
Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura LC resident 2009-2011 20 breeding pairs A3
Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti LC resident 2009-2011 100 breeding pairs A3
Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha LC resident 2009-2011 10 breeding pairs A3
Pale Rock Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta LC breeding 2009 1 breeding pairs A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 2009-2011 150 breeding pairs A3
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus LC breeding 2005-2011 200 breeding pairs A3
Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta LC resident 2009-2011 8 breeding pairs A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2014).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 not assessed very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) Not assessed Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Desert Hot -
Shrubland Subtropical & tropical dry -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Canals, drainage channels & ditches -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -
energy production and mining -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Jazman (Zurbatia). Downloaded from on 28/09/2023.