West Hammar

Country/territory: Iraq

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii (2014)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 136,326 ha

Nature Iraq
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 not assessed very high negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring, please click here

Site summary
Evans (1994) described the Hammar Marshes (IBA039) as an area of wetlands about 3,500 km2 in size with the largest open water bodies in the lower Euphrates including a shallow, eutrophic lake approximately 60 km long by up to 20 km wide. The Euphrates River forms its border to the north and the Shatt Al-Arab on the east, to the south and west are desert regions. However, the historical Hammar marsh has been bisected by the West Qurna and North Rumaila oilfields and is now split into two main parts: East Hammar (IQ077) and West Hammar. Both lie on the south side of the Euphrates River. The area is now very different due to intensive canals, ditches, embankments, and roads, especially around the edges of the site, as well as considerable agricultural work inside it

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: West Hammar. Downloaded from on 08/12/2023.