KE065
Hell's Gate National Park This is an IBA in Danger! 


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2014 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus CR resident 2010 present A1
Rüppell's Vulture Gyps rueppelli CR resident 2010 present A1
Grey-crested Helmetshrike Prionops poliolophus NT resident 2010 present A1, A2

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2014).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2022 unfavourable very high high
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat good

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inselbergs, kopjes & inland cliffs 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - intentional use: subsistence/small scale likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Geological events volcanic eruptions likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Hell's Gate National Park 9,300 protected area overlaps with site 0
Enganani Ranch Private Reserve 2,104 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Inselbergs, kopjes & inland cliffs, Scree, boulders & bare rock -
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Land ownership
The land is owned by Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS). KWS have a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Ken Gen (Kenya Electricity Generation Company Ltd), the leading electric power generating company in Kenya, although the details of the MoU are unknown and unavailable to anyone other than the two parties involved.



Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Hell's Gate National Park. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/hells-gate-national-park-iba-kenya on 26/02/2024.