East Hammar

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2014 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT breeding 2005-2012 present A1
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT winter 2009-2010 400-800 individuals A1, A4i
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC resident 2005-2012 3,000 breeding pairs A4i
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis EN breeding 2007-2010 300 breeding pairs A1, A2
Iraq Babbler Argya altirostris LC resident 2008-2010 400 breeding pairs A2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2005-2012 min 30,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2014).

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 not assessed very high negligible
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset good

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 211,544 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hammar Marsh Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 180,000 protected area overlaps with site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, marshes, swamps, fens & peatlands -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: East Hammar. Downloaded from on 01/12/2023.