ZA111
Mapungubwe


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2015 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus CR resident 2010-2014 uncommon A1

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2015).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2013 not assessed high medium
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes unset medium

State (condition of the trigger species' populations)
Scientific name Common name Reference population Actual population Units % of population remaining Result
Gyps africanus White-backed Vulture 16 16 breeding pairs 100 favourable

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest Woodland - mixed 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Some of site covered (10-49%) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Vhembe Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,037,590 protected area overlaps with site 0
Vembe Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 9,022 protected area contained by site 0
Skutwater Ranch Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4,025 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Roos Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 887 protected area contained by site 0
Mapungupwe National Park National Park 15,237 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Woodland - mixed -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Mapungubwe. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/mapungubwe-iba-south-africa on 28/02/2024.