Jan Mayen island

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A mountain island, situated about 1,000 km west of Bodø on the Norwegian mainland and 450 km east of Greenland. Volcanic ash covers large parts of the island, and Beerenberg volcano (2,277 m; inactive and covered with a glacier) dominates the rocky tundra landscape. There is very little vegetation. The island was annexed by Norway in 1921.

Key biodiversity
There are large and highly important breeding colonies of seabirds; other notable species include Rissa tridactyla (4,000-17,500 pairs), Sterna paradisaea (500-1,000 pairs) and Fratercula arctica (1,000-10,000 pairs). A total of 96 species have been recorded on the island, mainly as vagrants.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
No threats are known.

Protected areas
National None International None

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Jan Mayen island. Downloaded from on 23/03/2023.