Bjørnøya (Bear Island)

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Brent Goose Branta bernicla LC breeding 2010 1 breeding pairs A3
Barnacle Goose Branta leucopsis LC breeding 2010 50-249 breeding pairs A3, B1i, B3
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC breeding 2005-2014 50-249 breeding pairs A3, B1i, B3
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis VU breeding 2014 present A1, A3
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT breeding 2005-2014 abundant A3
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC breeding 2009 < 50 breeding pairs A3
Dunlin Calidris alpina LC breeding 2009 10-30 breeding pairs A3
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima LC breeding 2009 frequent A3
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus LC breeding 2009 5-10 breeding pairs A3
Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius LC breeding 2009 30-50 breeding pairs A3
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla VU breeding 2006 130,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus LC breeding 2006 650 breeding pairs A3
Arctic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus LC breeding 2005-2014 40-100 breeding pairs A3
Great Skua Catharacta skua LC breeding 2006 300-350 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii, B3
Black Guillemot Cepphus grylle LC breeding 2006 500 individuals B1ii
Little Auk Alle alle LC breeding 1985 10,000-100,000 breeding pairs A4ii, B1ii
Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia LC breeding 2006 185,000 mature individuals A4ii, B1ii, B2
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 2006 125,000 mature individuals A4ii, B1ii
Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis LC breeding 2005-2014 unknown breeding pairs A3
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2006 325,000-415,000 breeding pairs A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Bjørnøya naturreservat Naturreservater (Svalbard) 17,668 is identical to site 298,850
Bjørnøya Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 280,500 protected area contained by site 0
Bear Island Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 298,300 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Tundra -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features -
Coastline -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
not utilised -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bjørnøya (Bear Island). Downloaded from on 02/07/2020.