Russkiy Zharkol


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2013

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2008-2011 187-737 individuals A1, A4i
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC passage 2008-2011 36-15,135 individuals A4i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 2008-2011 22,000-45,300 individuals A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU passage 2008-2011 100-6,876 individuals A1, A4i
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea LC passage 2008-2011 3-1,508 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2008-2012 5,000-62,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2015 high very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - trend unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous 0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing fresh water 0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation 0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Cygnus olor Mute Swan 6 6 individuals 100 favourable
Cygnus columbianus Tundra Swan 16 16 individuals 100 favourable
Branta ruficollis Red-breasted Goose 1 135 individuals 100 favourable
Anser anser Greylag Goose 9200 1443 individuals 16 very unfavourable
Anser albifrons Greater White-fronted Goose 45300 42493 individuals 94 favourable
Anser erythropus Lesser White-fronted Goose 6876 1038 individuals 16 very unfavourable
Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 1508 500 individuals 34 very unfavourable
Anas platyrhynchos Mallard 4000 2 individuals 1 very unfavourable
Columba oenas Stock Dove 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Grus grus Common Crane 2 13 individuals 100 favourable
Larus canus Mew Gull 104 104 individuals 100 favourable
Otus scops 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Accipiter nisus Eurasian Sparrowhawk 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Haliaeetus albicilla White-tailed Sea-eagle 1 6 individuals 100 favourable
Buteo buteo Eurasian Buzzard 2 2 individuals 100 favourable
Falco columbarius Merlin 2 2 individuals 100 favourable
Lanius excubitor Great Grey Shrike 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Melanocorypha yeltoniensis Black Lark 2000 2000 individuals 100 favourable
Alauda leucoptera White-winged Lark 800 800 individuals 100 favourable
Sturnus vulgaris Common Starling 3 3 individuals 100 favourable
Turdus philomelos Song Thrush 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Phoenicurus phoenicurus Common Redstart 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Oenanthe oenanthe Northern Wheatear 1 1 individuals 100 favourable
Fringilla coelebs Common Chaffinch 3 3 individuals 100 favourable
Emberiza citrinella Yellowhammer 15 15 individuals 100 favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 17564 46521 individuals 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe, Steppes & dry calcareous -
Coastline Saltmarshes -
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation, Standing fresh water -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
State - individual farmers.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Russkiy Zharkol. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/08/2022.