Amerson, A.B., Jr., Whistler, W.A. & Schwaner, T.D. (1982) Wildlife and Wildlife Habitat of American Samoa. Vol.I: Environment and Ecology. Vol.II: Accounts of Flora and Fauna. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Washington, D.C. 119 pp & 151 pp.
Atkinson, I. A. E. (1985) The spread of commensal species of Rattus to oceanic islands and their effect on island avifaunas. Pages 35-81 in P. J. Moors, editor. Conservation of island birds. International Council for Bird Preservation, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
CHILD, P. (1960) Birds of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands Colony. Atoll Research Bulletin 74: 1-38.
Clapp, R. B. (1969) The birds of Swain's Island, South-Central Pacific. Notornis 15: 198-206.
Croxall, J. P., Butchart, S. H. M., Lascelles, B., Stattersfield, A. J., Sullivan, B., Symes, A. and Taylor, P. (2012) Seabird conservation status, threats and priority actions: a global assessment. Bird Conservation International 22: 1-34.
DONAGHHO, W. (1952) Journai of the 1938 Line Islands expedition. The Elepaio 13: 22-25, 34-36, 52-33, 43-50, 60-62, 66-69.
Duffy, D. C. (2010) Changing Seabird Management in Hawai‘i: from exploitation through management to restoration. Waterbirds 33: 193-207.
Hatfield, J. S., Reynolds, M. H., Seavy, N. E. and Krause, C. M. (2012) Population dynamics of Hawaiian seabird colonies vulnerable to sea-level rise. Conservation Biology 26: 667-678.
IPCC – Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change (1997) The Regional Impacts of Climate Change. An Assessment of Vulnerability. Geneva.
IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (2012) Rattus exulans. Global Invasive Species Database. Downloaded from http://www.issg.org/database/species/ecology.asp?si=170&fr=1&sts=sss on 8th October 2012.
Jones, H. P., Tershy, B. R., Zavaleta, E. S., Croll, D. A., Keitt, B. S., Finkelstein, M. E. and Howald, G. R. (2008) Severity of the effects of invasive rats on seabirds: a global review. Conservation Biology 22: 16-26.
Kepler, B. (1967) Polynesian rat predation on nesting Laysan Albatrosses and other Pacific seabirds. Auk 84: 426-430.
OPIOPIO, K. (1936) Diary on Swain's Island. 56 pp. [Ms. in the files of the Pacific Science lnformation Centre, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.]
PIIANAIA,A. (1936) Diary on Swain's Island. 55 pp. [Ms. in the files of the Pacific Science lnformation Centre, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Honolulu.]
Rodríguez, C., Torres, R. and Drummond, H. (2006) Eradicating introduced mammals from a forested tropical island. Biological Conservation 130: 98-105.
UNEP/IUCN (1988) Coral Reefs of the World. Volume 3: Central and Western Pacific. UNEP Regional Seas Directories and Bibliographies. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, U.K./UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya.
Volk, R. D. (1993) American Samoa. in Scott, D.A. (ed.) 1993. A Directory of Wetlands in Oceania. IWRB, Slimbridge, U.K. and AWB, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Swain's Atoll. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 16/01/2022.