Besides the trigger species the following species are confirmed or likely to be breeding: Paradise Shelduck, Variable Oystercatcher, Southern Black-backed Gull, Red-billed Gull, White-fronted Tern, NZ Pigeon, NZ Pipit, Grey Warbler, South Island Fantail, South Island Tomtit, Silvereye, Bellbird, Tui, Hedge Sparrow, Blackbird, Chaffinch, Gold-finch, Redpoll.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Human disturbance – Yes Predation by alien species – Yes Habitat loss or degradation – No Contamination – No Natural disaster – No Other – No
Arawhata - Conservation Area - 111651ha - Protected area overlaps with site.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cascade. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 07/02/2023.