UK343
Grampian Mountains


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC resident 1990-2005 - C6
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix LC resident 2006 - B2
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus LC breeding 1996 - B2, C6
Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola LC breeding 2001 - C6
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus LC resident 1994 - B2, C6
Osprey Pandion haliaetus LC breeding 2006 - B2, C6
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos LC resident 2003 min 26 breeding pairs B2, C6
Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus LC breeding 2004 - B2, C6
Merlin Falco columbarius LC breeding 1992 - C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 1990 - C6
Scottish Crossbill Loxia scotica LC resident 2007 abundant breeding pairs A1, B2, C1, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 high not assessed medium
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
The Cairngorm Mountains National Scenic Area 65,539 protected area overlaps with site 0
River Tay (Dunkeld) National Scenic Area 5,708 protected area overlaps with site 0
River Tay Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 9,462 protected area is adjacent to site 48
River Spey Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,760 protected area overlaps with site 680
River South Esk Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 472 protected area overlaps with site 20
River Feshie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 601 protected area overlaps with site 343
River Dee Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 2,334 protected area overlaps with site 308
Red Craig Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 106 protected area overlaps with site 86
Pollagach Burn Site of Special Scientific Interest 37 protected area contained by site 37
Northern Corries, Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,967 protected area contained by site 2,034
North Rothiemurchus Pinewood Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,510 protected area overlaps with site 1,510
Morrone Birkwood National Nature Reserve 226 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Morrone Birkwood Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 333 protected area overlaps with site 0
Lochnagar Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,423 protected area contained by site 1,431
Loch Brandy Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 99 protected area contained by site 100
Invereshie and Inshriach National Nature Reserve 3,731 protected area overlaps with site 0
Inchrory Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,094 protected area overlaps with site 474
Glenmore Forest Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,438 protected area overlaps with site 1,440
Glenmore National Nature Reserve 2,119 protected area overlaps with site 0
Glen Tanar Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 4,179 protected area contained by site 4,180
Glen Tanar Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,181 protected area contained by site 4,185
Glen Tanar National Nature Reserve 4,187 protected area contained by site 4,185
Glen Tanar Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,178 protected area contained by site 4,180
Glen Ey Gorge Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 42 protected area contained by site 41
Glen Callater Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,512 protected area contained by site 1,577
Glas Tulaichean Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 456 protected area contained by site 460
Garbh Choire Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 229 protected area contained by site 229
Forest of Clunie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 19,478 protected area overlaps with site 19,477
Forest of Clunie Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 19,348 protected area contained by site 19,348
Fafernie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 253 protected area contained by site 253
Eastern Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 16,507 protected area contained by site 16,441
Den of Riechip Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 30 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Deeside and Lochnagar National Scenic Area 39,789 protected area overlaps with site 0
Creag Clunie and The Lion's Face Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 254 protected area overlaps with site 253
Coyles Of Muick Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 134 protected area overlaps with site 135
Coyles of Muick Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 122 protected area contained by site 123
Corrie Fee National Nature Reserve 165 protected area contained by site 0
Cardney Wood Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 40 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cairnwell Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 23 protected area contained by site 24
Cairngorms Massif Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 187,485 protected area contained by site 50,592
Cairngorms Massif Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 187,485 protected area contained by site 187,504
Cairngorms National Nature Reserve 25,964 protected area contained by site 25,948
Cairngorms Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 50,914 protected area contained by site 0
Cairngorms Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 29,231 protected area contained by site 29,162
Cairngorms Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 57,692 protected area contained by site 57,686
Cairngorms National Park 452,810 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cairngorm Lochs Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 173 protected area contained by site 173
Caenlochan National Nature Reserve 1,680 protected area contained by site 1,680
Caenlochan Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 4,973 protected area contained by site 5,044
Caenlochan Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 5,971 protected area contained by site 5,975
Caenlochan Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 5,201 protected area contained by site 5,204
Brerachan Meadows Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 2 protected area overlaps with site 0
Ben Vrackie Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 1,876 protected area overlaps with site 1,891
Beinn a' Ghlo Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 8,080 protected area overlaps with site 7,238
Beinn A' Ghlo Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 8,080 protected area overlaps with site 7,238
Ballochbuie Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 1,882 protected area contained by site 1,882
Ballochbuie Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,882 protected area contained by site 1,882
Allt Mor Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 41 protected area contained by site 41
Abernethy Forest RSPB Reserve 13,646 protected area contained by site 13,646
Abernethy Forest Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 5,784 protected area contained by site 5,793
Abernethy Forest Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 5,793 protected area contained by site 5,796
Abernethy National Nature Reserve 12,754 protected area overlaps with site 12,755
Abernethy Nature Reserve 13,622 protected area overlaps with site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Inland cliffs -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland, Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Shrubland Heathland, Scrub -
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland, Native coniferous woodland -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs, Fens, transition mires and springs, Rivers and streams, Standing freshwater, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Forestry plantations -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Grampian Mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/11/2020.