Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains)

Year of compilation: 2002

Site description
A mountainous region located along the Czech-Polish border, covered mainly by Fagus and Picea/Fagus forests (500-900 m) and Picea forests (900-1,250 m). At higher elevations (1,250-1,450 m) there are Pinus mugo stands, glacial corries, peatbogs and subalpine meadows, with alpine habitats occurring above 1,450 m. Forestry is the most important economic activity. This area includes two areas that were treated as subsites in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989): `Pancavska and Labska louka peatbogs' (former site CZ001-1) and Upska raselina peatbog' (former site CZ001-2).

Key biodiversity
The forest bird communities are the most important component of the avifauna. The IBA also supports populations of two species with limited distributions in the Czech Republic: Anthus spinoletta and Prunella collaris. A total of 153 breeding species were recorded during a 1991-1994 regional survey.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Air pollution is a serious threat to forest, and has had a negative effect on forest bird populations. The cumulative impact of 6-8 million visitors a year and the abandonment of agricultural land are additional problems. A management plan exists for the National Park and its transition zone (1994-2003), and a Biosphere Reservation.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
A breeding birds atlas (1991-1994) is being compiled.

Protected areas
National High International High54,800 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Krkonose National Park, 54,800 ha, including transition zone of 18,450 ha). 54,800 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Krkonose Biosphere Reserve, 54,800 ha). 230 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Krkonosská raseliniste - Krkonose Mountains Mires), 230 ha). 40939 ha of IBA are covered by Krkonose SPA.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Krkonose mountains (Giant mountains). Downloaded from on 09/08/2022.