Paldiski bay

Year of compilation: 2000

Site description
A complex of shallow (<10 m in parts) sea bays and two islands on the north-western coast of Estonia, with coastal reedbeds, meadows and sea-cliffs. The main economic activity is fishing; the islands are used as military practice grounds.

Key biodiversity
Paldiski bay is an important staging area for migrating Cygnus columbianus and Cygnus cygnus.

Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from unsustainable hunting, tourism, overgrowth of coastal meadows with reed Phragmites due to undergrazing, and military activities (`Other' threat, above). Research involves monitoring of wintering and breeding waterbirds.

Protected areas
National Partial International None1,450 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Pakri, 1,450 ha).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Paldiski bay. Downloaded from on 04/12/2022.