A complex of shallow (<10 m in parts) sea bays and two islands on the north-western coast of Estonia, with coastal reedbeds, meadows and sea-cliffs. The main economic activity is fishing; the islands are used as military practice grounds.
Paldiski bay is an important staging area for migrating Cygnus columbianus and Cygnus cygnus.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
The main threats are from unsustainable hunting, tourism, overgrowth of coastal meadows with reed Phragmites due to undergrazing, and military activities (`Other' threat, above). Research involves monitoring of wintering and breeding waterbirds.
National Partial International None1,450 ha of IBA covered by Protected Landscape (Pakri, 1,450 ha).
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Paldiski bay. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 04/12/2022.